White Papers

04 Dec 2018

Whitepaper 18-05: Improved Nutrition of KBM in Juvenile Rainbow Trout Compared to Premium Fishmeal

In this study, we tested diets with varying inclusion rates of KnipBio Meal (KBM), a single cell protein (SCP), against a premium fishmeal based control diet in a fingerling rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) population. The purpose of the study was to determine the inclusion rates at which the digestibility of KBM-based diets was comparable to the fishmeal-based control diet.   -MORE-

04 Dec 2018

Whitepaper 18-04: Improved Nutrition of KBM in Juvenile Rainbow Trout Compared to Chicken Protein/Soy Protein Concentrate

In this study, we examined the efficacy of KnipBio Meal, a single-cell protein (SCP) fermented from Methylobacterium extorquens, as an alternative protein source. One key attribute of KBM is that it has a protein and amino acid profile similar to fishmeal. We tested the effect of SCP inclusion rates, strain sources, and production methods compared to a poultry meal and soy protein concentrate (SPC) diet on the growth, survival, and feed efficiency of fingerling rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).


14 Mar 2018

White Paper 18-03: Improved Survival in Pacific White Shrimp

A series of feed trials were conducted on Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei), a commonly farmed crustacean from the Eastern Pacific region.  The trials looked at the effect of a diet containing varying amounts of KnipBio Meal (KBM203), a single cell protein (SCP), on shrimp survivability. The results indicate that a diet containing KnipBio Meal (KBM) may serve to improve survivability significantly.    


08 Jan 2018

A study conducted at the University of Idaho’s Aquaculture Research Institute examining the impact on rainbow trout growth and health of a diet containing KnipBio Meal found no statistically relevant differences in weight gain but a statistically significant decrease in fish mortality compared to trout fed a standard representative diet. A paper on the study appearing in Aquaculture Research, an independent peer-reviewed scientific journal covering research on aquaculture production, found KnipBio’s single cell protein offers the potential to replace agricultural crops as a key ingredient in rainbow trout feed, providing a healthier, more sustainable, and potentially lower cost alternative protein source. -MORE-

11 Apr 2017

An article appearing in PeerJ titled A transdisciplinary approach to the initial validation of a single cell protein as an alternative protein source for use in aquafeeds (Tlusty et al., 2017), reported on a series of feed trials conducted on white shrimp or king prawn (Litopenaeus vannamei ), a commonly farmed crustacean from the Eastern Pacific region.  The trial looked specifically at how a diet containing up to 100% KnipBio Meal single cell protein (SCP) affected shrimp growth rates and taste. The results indicate that KnipBio Meal (KBM) may serve as a useful replacement for fishmeal and soy protein. -MORE-

11 Apr 2017

Single cell proteins (SCP) could potentially meet the aquaculture industry’s need for protein feeds without directly competing with human food sources. SCPs would also significantly reduce the pressure on forage fish populations currently used to produce fishmeal while providing a safe, nutritious, and traceable alternative to soy meal. To demonstrate a given type of SCP has the potential to serve as a protein source for an aquaculture species, a number of conditions must first be validated. -MORE-

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